IVAN B. KOURA, DEDEHOUANOU HOUINSOU, LUC HIPPOLYTE DOSSA, FREDERIC HOUNDONOUGBO, MARCEL HOUINATO
University of Abomey-Calavi, Dept. of Animal Production, Benin
University of Abomey-Calavi, Dept. of Economy, Socio-anthropology and Communication, Benin
Despite the numerous work conducted on integrated crop-livestock systems in sub-Saharan Africa, very little is known about factors determining farmers' trend to integrate. Our study aimed at a socioeconomic characterisation of endogenous crop"=livestock integration in Benin and identification of determinants of farmers' decision to use these practices. Two hundred and forty farmers were surveyed in three agro"=ecological regions of Benin. A semi structured questionnaire was used to collect information on farmer's characteristics, production factors and agriculture and breeding by"=products valorisation practices. On the basis of main links between both productions, three integration levels (no integration, NI: 36%; partial integration, PI: 55%; total integration, TI: 9%) were identified and characterised according to socioeconomic characteristics of farmers. Then the multinomial logistic regression technique was used to predict the integration level of a given farmer in function of its socioeconomic characteristics. The three integration levels differ significantly () according to variables such as membership in farmers' association, educational level, weight of agricultural experience, farm equipment and size of animal herds. The decision by a farmer of the no integration type to choose the total integration type significantly depends () on the size of his cattle herd, his membership in farmers' association and his equipment value. For a farmer of the partial integration type, it depends on the size of his cattle herd and the weight of his agricultural experience. Cattle breeding remain the motor of real crop-livestock integration. This study gives precious information on socio"=economics characteristics of farms that need to be improved for better adoption of integrated crop"=livestock systems in small scale farms in sub-Saharan Africa. One perspective issue in the Beninese case is to analyse resource flows in the endogenous crop"=livestock integration systems.
Keywords: Food security, natural resources, pastoralism