YADIRA MORI CLEMENT, YACINTA ESTI WULAN WAHYU JATI
University of Bonn, Agricultural Science and Resource Management in the Tropics and Subtropics (ARTS), Germany
Impacts of agricultural practices have been well documented by several studies. Dependency on chemical pest control has resulted in environmental contamination and detrimental effects on human health. In this context, Integrated Pest Management (IPM) appears as an option to reduce the negative impact of excessive pesticides use and to support the continuity of the agricultural system in the long term. Although IPM practices are considered as a friendly environmental management, the adoption is still poor by farmers. Previous empirical studies focused on identifying factors that affect adoption of IPM by farmers, explained that farmers' decision process of IPM adoption is influenced by technology, farmer characteristics, farm physical environment, farm institutional environment and historical conditions. In general, significant variables found in these studies are higher education levels and age of farmers, agronomic experience, higher household income, access to information sources, household size and size of landholding. Our main target is to explore attributes associated with farmers' decisions to adopt IPM practices in Peru. Using farmer level data from cross-sectional sample of 321 Peruvian farmers of mango and citrus (lemon, orange, and clementine), we propose a Logit model to analyse the impact of various variable categories (farmer and household characteristics, farm structure, plot characteristics, access to credit, markets and extension services, and institutional factors), on decision making process of IPM practices. Finally, from considering identified factors that affect IPM adoption, we aim to formulate policy recommendations about how to better promote adoption of IPM technologies to enhance livelihood in rural area as well as food safety for consumers.
Keywords: Adoption, chemical use, IPM, mango, rural development