Henderiana Belli, I. Gusti Ngurah Jelantik, Wolfgang Holtz:
Effect of Supplementation of Grazing Bali Cows During Pre and Postcalving Period on Intake, Digestibility, and Rumen Environment


1University of Nusa Cendana, Department of Animal Production, Indonesia
2Georg-August-Universität Göttingen, Institute of Animal Husbandry and Genetics, Germany

Ten pregnant Bali cows were used to study effect of supplementation on intake, digestibility, and rumen environment. Approximately 90 d before the expected date of calving, cows were randomly allocated to one of two feeding groups. The 5 cows of Group A were grazed on native pasture, while the remaining cows of Group B grazed with the others but received 1.50kg concentrate (coconut cake + fish meal + rice bran) with gross energy of native grass = 13.61kgMJ-1 and concentrate = 16.68kgMJ-1. Voluntary intake of basal diet and supplemented feeds by both groups was measured over successive 14-day periods including 7 days of preeliminary treatment at 1 month after calving, while apparent digestibility was determined at 4-6 weeks after calving, and ruminal fluid was collected on the final day of the trial. Data was analysed using student-t test procedure. Forage intake particularly total dry matter (DM) intake was markedly increased (p<0.01) when cows grazed on natural pasture were supplemented with concentrate (7.6 vs 6.0kg). The estimated total energy intake also increased (p<0.01) with supplementation. The intake of all the nutrients i.e. total organic matter (OM), crude protein (CP), ether extract (EE), crude fibre (CF) and nitrogen free extract (NFE) were significantly higher (p<0.01) in the supplemented group than in the non"=supplemented group. Digestibility data in the study showed that there were improvements after supplementation i.e. DM was significantly higher (66.7 vs 58.3%); also digestibility of all nutrients except EE and NFE. Rumen pH, ammonia and VFA levels were affected by concentrate supplementation (pH: 6.4 vs. 6.7; NH3-N: 137.4 vs. 11.0mgl-1; VFA: 115.2 vs. 86.2nMl-1). Molar proportion i.e. acetate, propionate and butyrate including acetate and propionate rati also influenced by supplementation (2.9 vs 3.9).

Keywords: Bali cows, digestibility, intake, native pasture, rumen environment, cattle


Contact Address: Henderiana Belli, University of Nusa Cendana, Department of Animal ProductionJalan Eltari II Rt 23 Rw 8 Kelapa Lima, 85228 Kupang, Indonesia, e-mail: heru@kupang.wasantara.net.id
Andreas Deininger, November 2007