Henderiana Belli, I. Gusti Ngurah Jelantik, Wolfgang Holtz:
Improving Calf Performance by Supplementation in Bali Cows Grazing Communal Pastures in West Timor, Indonesia


1University of Nusa Cendana, Department of Animal Production, Indonesia
2University of Nusa Cendana, Department of Animal Nutrition, Indonesia
3Georg-August-University Göttingen, Institute of Animal Breeding and Reproduction, Germany

Two on-farm experiments were conducted in west Timor to investigate the efficacy of strategic supplementation in improving calf performance both during dry and rainy season. In experiment 1, twenty four cow-calf pairs were grouped into three groups of eight pairs with balanced calf sex. They were grazed on communal native pastures for 8 months (control) or supplemented with 1kg feed supplement consisting of 60% rice bran and 40% leucaena plus 100 g urea to Bali cows soon after calving or with 0.5kg supplement directly to calves started at 2 months of age. Parameters measured included birth weight, milk production, and calf daily gain. In experiment 2, twenty nine one"=year old calves were allowed to night grazing (control, n=19) or supplemented with 750 g rice bran (supplemented, n=10) during rainy season. Parameters measured in the experiment 2 included daily weight gain and body measurement. Most calves in experiment 1 were born during June and July and having birth weight varying from 11.4 to 21.5kg with male calves were significantly (p < 0.05) heavier than female calves. Birth weight was relatively unrelated to their dams size but it was well predicted by their body measurements. Daily gain significantly declined (p < 0.01) with advancing dry season. Neither supplementation to cows or directly to calves has any significant effect to calves live weight gain and body measurements. Milk production was also unaffected by supplementation. In contrast, live weight gain and body measurements of older calves (experiment 2) were significantly improved (p < 0.05) by supplementation of 750 g rice bran during rainy season.

Keywords: Bali calves, body measurements, live weight, strategic supplementation

Full paper: http://www.tropentag.de/2006/abstracts/full/214.pdf


Contact Address: Henderiana Belli, University of Nusa Cendana, Department of Animal ProductionJalan Eltari II Rt 23 Rw 8 Kelapa Lima, 85228 Kupang, Indonesia, e-mail: heru@kupang.wasantara.net.id
Andreas Deininger, September 2006