Trade-offs and Synergies Between Livestock Intensification and Emergence of Zoonotic Diseases in Sub-saharan Africa
Sarah Schmidt, Christoph Reiber, Regina Birner, Mizeck Chagunda
University of Hohenheim, Inst. of Agric. Sci. in the Tropics (Hans-Ruthenberg-Institute), Germany
Understanding the link between agriculture and zoonotic diseases is important for a healthy and sustainable future. Zoonotic diseases are infectious diseases that are transmitted between humans and animals. Subject to type and intensity, livestock-human interactions significantly contribute to emergence and re-emergence of zoonotic diseases. The objective of the current study was to determine the trade-offs and synergies between intensifying livestock production and cases of zoonotic diseases in Sub-Saharan Africa. Specifically, the study focused on the factors that contribute to the development, spread and persistence of zoonotic diseases. Further, strategies for preventing and controlling zoonotic diseases were investigated. To address these objectives, a systematic literature review was conducted. A defined search criteria resulted in 237 peer-reviewed scientific articles and other publications covering the period between 1990 and 2021. Of these 122 articles were utilised.
Keywords: Intensification, one-health, synergies, trade-offs, zoonosis
Contact Address: Mizeck Chagunda, University of Hohenheim, Inst. of Agric. Sci. in the Tropics (Hans-Ruthenberg-Institute), Stuttgart, Germany, e-mail: mizeck.chagundauni-hohenheim.de