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Tropentag, September 14 - 16, 2022, Prague

"Can agroecological farming feed the world? Farmers' and academia's views."


Melanin rich poultry meat for sustainable income among poor hilly women farmers in Jammu and Kashmir, India

Mandeep Singh Azad1, Kawardeep Kour2, Preeti .3

1SKUAST-Jammu, Dr Mandeep Singh Azad, India
2SKUAST-Jammu, Animal Physiology
3Punjab Agriculture University , Food Engineering


Abstract


Kadaknath is only Black Meat Chicken (B.M.C.) Breed of India along with Silkie chicken from China and Avami Cemani from Indonesia. There are only 3 recognised black chicken meat varities in the world known till date. It is very important conserve and propagate this unique indigenous breed of India. Considering its unique medicinal and nutritious value, Krishi vigyan Kendra made an attempt to introduce this variety among tribal women in hilly areas of Jammu and Kashmir. Studies have shown that backyard poultry farming results in women empowerment and socioeconomic upliftment. The main aim of study were
• To conserve, promote & popularize this nutritious, medicinal breed.
• To analyse its nutritious value
• To encourage these farmers especially women to contribute to family income.
• To provide these women with small but steady source of income round the year.
Data were collected from rural women involved in poultry rearing practices through pre structured interviews schedule. Factor analysis was performed to identify the empowerment factors. Near about 3000 No. of birds were distributed with 15 birds per household. Farmers were given training for rearing, feeding, housing and management these birds. Kadaknath has special medicinal value in homeopathy and a particular nervous disorder. Kadaknath meat has high levels of vitamins b1, b2, b6, b12, c and e, niacin, protein, fat, calcium, phosphorus, iron, nicotinic acid etc. Kadaknath has protein content of 25%, fat content 0.73-1.03, linoleic acid 24%, cholesterol 184.75mg/100g. Being completely black in colour the meat and egg are sold at a price at least 400 times higher than normal chicken meat and egg. As a result, it provided a small but steady income round the year for women farmers. After the intervention around 11000-12000 income per annum comes directly to the hand of women farmers. Encouraged by the outcome, more women farmers from the nearby villages are interested to adopt melanin rich Kadaknath birds as an enterprise.


Keywords: Kadaknath, melanin, Silkie Avami Cemani


Contact Address: Mandeep Singh Azad, SKUAST-Jammu, Dr Mandeep Singh Azad, Azad ashianasecto-6 h.no b/3 nanak nagar jammu, 180004 Jammu, India, e-mail: mandeepsinghazad@gmail.com


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