Performance of Poaceae cultivated in soil degraded by chromite mining in Hidrolândia, Brazil
Mariane Porto Muniz1, Maico Roris Severino1, Wilson Mozena Leandro1, Richard Lord2, João Paulo Vilela de Castro1, Izamara Fonseca Tempesta1, Priscyla Batista Passos1, Ricarda Santos Batista1
1University Federal of Goiás, School of Agronomy, Brazil
Phytoremediation is a bioremediation technique that consists of the direct use of plants for the transfer or stabilisation of all potentially toxic metals in polluted soils. Bioenergy is a sustainable energy source option, however, it is often criticised for indirect changes in land use, due to lack of high quality agricultural land and competing with food production. At the same time, contaminated areas remain unused. The present study aims to provide a sustainable solution to both problems, facilitating the decontamination of land through phytoremediation with the cultivation of plants of the Poaceae family for energy production. The objective of this work was to evaluate the energy productivity of plants of the Poaceae family used in the phytoremediation of a soil degraded by chromite mining in Hidrolândia, Goiás, Brazil. The experiment was carried out in a greenhouse at the School of Agronomy at the Federal University of Goiás, Goiânia, with a dystrophic Red Latosol with a clayey texture degraded by Cr exploitation. The experimental design was in randomised blocks, with 5 treatments and 4 replications. The treatments were composed of: sugar cane, energy cane, elephant grass, capiaçu grass and spontaneous plants. The plants were cut after 6 months of cultivation for elephant and capiaçu grasses, with the sum of two cuts being performed, for sugar and energy canes the cut was made after 12 months. Productivity in terms of dry biomass and energy potential were determined. The data were subjected to analysis of variance and when differences were found, the Tukey test was applied, both at 5% error probability. Plants from the Poaceae family, energy cane, sugar cane, elephant grass and capiaçu grass have good growth and development, with good biomass production in an Oxisol with high levels of Cr and Ni, being plants with potential for phytoremediation of metal-contaminated soils.
Keywords: Chromium, nickel, phytoremediation, soil
Contact Address: Mariane Porto Muniz, University Federal of Goiás, School of Agronomy; Soil Science, Av. Esperança s/n Campus Samambaia, 74.690-900 Goiânia, Brazil, e-mail: mariane.munizdiscente.ufg.br