High Diversity Agroforestry Model for Coffee in Nicaragua
Matthias Baumann1, Ingrid Fromm2, Byron Reyes3, Jürgen Blaser4
1Research Institute of Organic Agriculture (FiBL), International Cooperation, Switzerland
Arabica coffee cultivation in Nicaragua is becoming increasingly threatened by climate change effects such as rising temperature, droughts, heavy rainfalls, landslides and hurricanes. Thus, the suitability of coffee production is projected to decrease in the coming decades. The Nicaraguan NGO Aldea Global has the goal of improving coffee producers’ situation by helping them build resilience through the implementation of highly diverse agroforestry systems, with the support of the International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT). Data for this research project was collected by interviewing 309 coffee producers in the department of Jinotega. From this data, coffee production and profitability indicators such as yield, costs, income, net revenue and shading effect were analyzed. The results showed that the mean net revenue from coffee production was overall positive, but some had a net loss. Around a quarter of the coffee plots were already highly diverse and the most popular shade species is by far Musa spp. Neither the species nor the density of shade species had a significant influence on the coffee yield.
Keywords: Adaptation strategy, agroforestry, arabica coffee, climate change, Nicaragua, producers survey, socioeconomics
Contact Address: Matthias Baumann, Research Institute of Organic Agriculture (FiBL), International Cooperation, Mittelholzerstr. 26, 3006 Bern, Switzerland, e-mail: matthias.baumann86gmail.com