Resilience and agroforestry options in rural Zambia: Identifying the vulnerable and tailoring support to their aspired future
Luzia Deißler1, Kai Mausch2, Ulrike Grote1
1Leibniz University Hannover, Inst. for Environm. Economics and World Trade, Germany
In the face of various global challenges, particularly climate change, smallholder agriculture needs economically, ecologically, and socially sustainable concepts. Investigating how individuals, households and communities react to and deal with adverse shocks today, while planning for better futures, can support the promotion of innovative and sustainable practices. As part of the World Agroforestry’s Fruit Tree Portfolio (FTP) project which promotes nutrition sensitive agroforestry options, we collected data from 745 rural Zambian smallholder households in early 2022. We aim to support the identification of farmers who can benefit from specific resilience building practices, while assessing their potential and specific interests to adopt such practices. We first analyse smallholder farmers’ resilience to adverse shocks by performing a multivariate regression on three interrelated resilience indicators (life satisfaction, recovery time and loss per shock). We find positive correlations between resilience and more diverse income portfolios (reduced recovery time and loss), higher educational attainment (higher life satisfaction; lower losses) and more developed networks (reduced recovery time). In addition, a household shows an increasing resilience to adverse shocks with an increasing number of experienced shocks.
Keywords: Aspirations, livelihood strategies, resilience, smallholder farmers, Zambia
Contact Address: Luzia Deißler, Leibniz University Hannover, Inst. for Environm. Economics and World Trade, Königsworther Platz 1, 30167 Hannover, Germany, e-mail: deissleriuw.uni-hannover.de