Food Security and Food Quality among Vanilla Farmers in Madagascar: The Role of Contract Farming and Livestock Keeping
Jessica Andriamparany1, Hendrik Hänke2, Eva Schlecht3
1University of Göttingen, Animal Husbandry in the Tropics and Subtropics, Germany
Around 67% of Madagascar’s population is malnourished. Yet little is known about the effects of recently booming vanilla prices on food security in Madagascar’s SAVA region, the largest vanilla producing area globally. This study analysed food security and diet composition of local vanilla farming households (HHs, n=140) by means of a 12-month longitudinal food survey. Household Dietary Diversity Score (HDDS), Food Consumption Score (FCS), Food Security Index (FSI) and the contribution of protein from Animal Source Food (ASF) were used to characterise diet composition, food security and nutrient intake. Data was complemented with baseline, agro-economic, longitudinal and field-plot information to determine factors influencing food security and ASF protein contribution using a stepwise generalised linear model.
Keywords: Animal source food, dietary diversity, food security index, seasonality, vanilla farmers
Contact Address: Hendrik Hänke, University of Goettingen, Dept. of Agricultural Economics and Rural Development, Göttingen, Germany, e-mail: hhaenkeuni-goettingen.de