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Tropentag, September 14 - 16, 2022, Prague

"Can agroecological farming feed the world? Farmers' and academia's views."


Growth rate of male Bali cattle (Bos javanicus) fed leucaena based diets with increasing levels of cassava

Dahlanuddin Dahlanuddin1, Luh ade Kariyani1, Tanda sahat Panjaitan2, Ryan Aryadin Putra1, Sofyan Sofyan1, Karen Harper3, Dennis P Poppi3

1University of Mataram, Fac. of Animal Science; Dept. of Animal Nutrition, Indonesia
2The West Nusa Tenggara Assessment Institute for Agriculture Technology, Livestock Production, Indonesia
3University of Queensland, Animal Science, Australia


Abstract


To improve protein content of cattle feeds, several initiatives on the planting and use of leucaena (Leucaena leucocephala) for cattle fattening have been conducted in eastern Indonesia, resulting in extensive leucaena planting and use for cattle fattening in the region. Most farmers feed leucaena (19-28 % CP) as a single diet, that results in excessive protein supply. If balanced with an external energy source such as cassava (Manihot esculenta; 12-15 MJME/kgDM) it would benefit both the use of protein and extend limited supplies of leucaena for feeding fattening bulls. An experiment using 30 growing male Bali cattle (Bos javanicus) with initial live weight of 164±1.8 kg was conducted to determine the optimum ratio of leucaena and cassava for live weight gain (LWG) and feed for gain ratio. Five animals were allocated to one of six experimental treatments i.e. 20% rice straw + 80% leucaena hay + mineral mix (A), 20% rice straw + 65% leucaena hay + 15% cassava chip + mineral mix (B), 20% rice straw + 50% leucaena hay + 30% cassava chip + mineral mix (C), 20% rice straw + 35% leucaena hay + 45% cassava chip + mineral mix (D), 20% rice straw + 20% leucaena hay + 60% cassava chip + mineral mix (E) and 20% rice straw + 5% leucaena hay + 75% cassava chip + mineral mix (F). Feed intake declined when the cassava was fed at the level of more than 45% of the diet. Rumen pH values in all treatments were within the normal range (6.2-6.5). The LWGs for each treatment were 0.49±0.06, 0.54±0.06, 0.58±0.12, 0.68±0.06, 0.38±0.06 and -0.11±0.06 kg/d for the animals fed diets A, B, C, D, E and F respectively and treatment D (45% cassava) reached the highest values. The respective feed for gain ratios for diets A, B, C, D and E were 9.68±1.93b, 8.37±0.88b, 9.93±5.45b, 7.68±0.76b and 12.13±3.34b kg feed DM/kg LWG, with corresponding income over feed cost (thousand IDR/day) of 14.77±0.71cb, 17.95±0.51cb, 20.10±1.35cb, 24.48±0.635c and 10.41±6,466b. In conclusion, the best LWG and income were reached when leucaena was 35% and cassava chip 45% of the diet.


Keywords: Bali cattle, cassava, growth rate, leucaena


Contact Address: Dahlanuddin Dahlanuddin, University of Mataram, Fac. of Animal Science; Dept. of Animal Nutrition, Jl. majapahit no 62, 83125 Mataram, Indonesia, e-mail: dahlan.unram@gmail.com


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