Farmers’ strategies for dealing with flood risks in Bangladesh
Mst. Sharmin Akter1, Harro Maat2, Cees Leeuwis2
1Bangladesh Agiricultural University, Agricultural Extension Education, Bangladesh
Flood is an unavoidable phenomenon in many parts of Bangladesh due to the tropical-monsoon climate and the physical characteristics of a low-lying riverine delta. Farmers in flood-affected localities adopt different farm management measures to minimise the consequences of flooding. In-depth information of farming strategies practised by different group of farmers in different localities is crucial to ensure the effective design and implementation of weather forecast information. Some studies on farmers’ flood coping and adaptation strategies, using survey methods covering a large number of farm households have highlighted the diversity in adaptation. However, less is known about the more detailed farming methods of farmers in response to floods. Using a qualitative approach, this study investigates existing farm management strategies in three flood-prone communities to mitigate against the negative impact of floods. The research was carried out in three villages of Islampur sub-district, of Jamalpur district, a flood-prone area with diverse farming practices. Data were collected through focus group discussions and semi-structured interviews with selected farmers, and observing different stages of farming activities.
Keywords: Farm management strategies, farming practices, flood, growing season
Contact Address: Mst. Sharmin Akter, Bangladesh Agiricultural University, Agricultural Extension Education, Bangladesh Agricultural University Road, 2202 Mymensingh, Bangladesh, e-mail: sharminshikha14gmail.com