Unpacking the relationship between rural livelihoods, indigenous plant’s cultivation and food security: evidence from South Africa
Abiodun Omotayo1, Adeyemi Aremu2
1North west university, Food security and Safety Niche Area, South
The neglect in the cultivation, utilisation and diversity of indigenous plants poses a serious threat to food security status and rural development in the majority of the developing nations. Here, we (1) profiled the ethnobotanical and food security analysis of some selected indigenous fruits, grains and vegetables in South Africa and (2) estimated the determinants of cultivating indigenous plants and rural livelihood. The data utilised herewith relied on a survey from some selected rural areas of the North West Province of South Africa. Descriptive statistics and probit regression analyses were employed to achieve the research objectives. The study revealed that the total income made from indigenuous plant’s cultivation was significantly higher among those who owe land than the participants who do not owe the land utilised for the cultivation of indigenuous plants in the study area. Likewise, the rural households that utilises indigenous grains, fruits and vegetables had between 58-59% probability of being food secured than their counterparts. Furthermore, the probit regression result indicated that land ownership, rural livelihood assets and ethnobotanical indices were the principal determinant (p<0.05) of indigenous plants cultivation in the study area. The study concluded that cultivation and consumption of indigenous plants was important for the food security of rural households. Therefore, policy interventions targeted at improving the present South Africa’s land tenure pattern, awareness and indigenous plants farming incentives for more efficient and productive production have the potential to increase the plants wider acceptance, cultivation, rural livelihoods and food security in the marginalised communities of the country.
Keywords: Empirical modelling, Food Sovereignty, Frequency index, Rural development, Undervalued plants, Use-value
Contact Address: Abiodun Omotayo, North west university, Food security and Safety Niche Area, Food security and safety niche area, Faculty of Natural and Agricultural Sciences, , 2790 North west province,, South, e-mail: omotayoabiodun777gmail.com