Actor Configuration, Constraints and Opportunities in the Forage Seed Value Chain in Kenya and Uganda
Kevin Maina1, Ben Lukuyu2, Isabelle Baltenweck3
1International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), Kenya
Dairy production in East Africa is crucial for rural development, poverty reduction, food and nutrition security. Dairying has increased recently due to the high demand for milk and value-added milk products by a growing population and an expanding urban middle class. The sector contributes to more than 9% of the gross domestic product (GDP) in Kenya and Uganda. However, sub-optimal feeding forms a major constraint for further growth and development of the dairy sector. As feeding represents 65% of production costs, improved forage productivity will greatly increase milk production efficiency and thus reduce the production costs and price of milk. Currently, farmers mainly rely on grazing poor pastures, feeding crop residues and collected feeds. As a result of a poorly functioning forage seed value chain, promising and demanded species and varieties which provide for high quality forage for Kenya and Uganda, remain under-utilised. To promote forage production, a study was conducted to assess constraints and opportunities of forage seed production in Kenya and Uganda. The study used desk reviews and key informant interviews with sellers of forage planting materials and seed companies with a samples of 15 seed companies/entities to assess existing production and marketing business models for different forage species considering the biophysical and socio-economic contexts in Kenya and Uganda.
Keywords: Business models, forage quality, forages, livestock productivity, seeds systems
Contact Address: Kevin Maina, International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), P. O. Box 30709-00100, Nairobi, Kenya, e-mail: mainakevin.kmgmail.com