Sustainability in Small Ruminants Systems: Integrated Assessment in an Indigenous Community of La Guajira, Colombia
Martha Lilia Del Río Duque1, Clara Viviana Rúa Bustamante2, Michelle Bonatti1, Juan Sebastian Valencia Sanchez2, Katharina Löhr1, Stefan Sieber1
1Leibniz Centre for Agricultural Landscape Research (ZALF), Sustainable Land Use in Developing Countries (SusLAND), Germany
In Colombia the Tropical Dry Forest (TDF) is one of the ecosystems most affected by deforestation and the expansion of livestock farming. Currently, only 720.000 hectares of the 8.8 million hectares of this type of forest remain today. Given the depletion of the TDF resources, it is essential to design sustainable land use strategies in communities that have a direct influence on these remnants. One of these communities are the Wayuu indigenous people in the area of influence of the Macuira National Natural Park in the Upper Guajira, whose main productive activity is the free-grazing of small ruminants (sheep and goats). The lack of grazing management causes a negative impact on the natural values conservation, threatens natural regeneration processes, contributes to soil compaction and erosion, and pollutes water sources. Therefore, to promote sustainable systems for small ruminants, The Colombian Agricultural Research Corporation –Agrosavia– designed a silvopastoral arrangement with native forage species of the TDF for the feeding of sheep and goats, taking into account the traditional knowledge of the indigenous communities, and fostering agroecological techniques.
Keywords: Ex-ante impact assessment, Goat and sheep farming, Indigenous people, Scaling up, Silvopastoral arrangements
Contact Address: Martha Lilia Del Río Duque, Leibniz Centre for Agricultural Landscape Research (ZALF), Sustainable Land Use in Developing Countries (SusLAND), Eberswalder Straße 84, 15374 Müncheberg, Germany, e-mail: martha_lilia.del_rio_duquezalf.de