Influence of land use and governance on natural resources in the Boeny region, Madagascar
Hamy Raharinaivo1, Harifidy Rakoto Ratsimba2, Katharina Loehr1, Stefan Sieber1
1Leibniz Centre for Agricultural Landscape Research (ZALF), Sustainable Land Use in Developing Countries (SusLAND), Germany
The population living around protected areas benefits directly from the ecosystem services provided by natural resources. In a country with an agricultural vocation like Madagascar, about 80% of the population lives in rural areas and agricultural activities. In the western part of Madagascar, all protected areas are under pressure due to migratory and anthropogenic phenomena. This region has different types of vocation including agricultural, grazing and savannah, environmental and agro forestry. They provide subsistence and income activities for the community living around the protected areas. The regulation and support services provided by the forest whose fertility and soil formation ensure the sustainability of the main activities of the "Sakalava" people or people who are leaving in the Western region. However, land use patterns and agricultural or agro forestry practices that characterise the region are often linked to the socio-economic characteristics of the population. Agricultural and agro forestry potentials are often determined by these land use patterns. As agricultural practices are still generally based on traditional methods that opt for slash-and-burn crops or using inappropriate species, the decrease in soil fertility leading to soil degradation induces a decrease in production and thus impacts on food security. There is therefore a link between governance, income from various agro-pastoral or agro forestry speculations (rice and other food crops, raphock crops, pastures and wood), food security and increasing anthropogenic pressures on natural resources. By spatial modelling, natural forest losses can be determined in relation to the mode of land use and thus the mode of governance. Knowledge of the FLR framework in terms of bioecology, governance and economics will help stakeholders make decisions for the success of the target in the region in relation to the national FLR target of 4 million hectares of restored forest by 2030. This work received financial support from the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) commissioned and administered through the global project on forest landscape restoration and good governance in the forest sector (Forests4Future) of the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ).
Keywords: Food security, governance, land transformation, land use, soil fertility
Contact Address: Hamy Raharinaivo, Leibniz Centre for Agricultural Landscape Research (ZALF), Sustainable Land Use in Developing Countries (SusLAND), Müncheberg, Germany, e-mail: hamymoliegmail.com