Tropentag, September 14 - 16, 2022, Prague
"Can agroecological farming feed the world? Farmers' and academia's views."
Analysis of social intervention in Peruvian agriculture traditional systems
Nancy Pierina Benites Alfaro
University of Florence, Agriculture, Italy
In the last 20 years, traditional production systems have gained protection from the Peruvian regulatory framework, especially in the seed legal framework, which recognised the quality of native potato seed traditional system, in 2008.
Although the agricultural sector must lead the process as a multisector task, it is unknown how the empowerment of the topic, particularly in areas of high potato agrobiodiversity, located in the unique Peruvian area declared by FAO as Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS) in 2011.
The study analyses 05 areas in the GIAHS Cuzco – Puno corridor: the Potato Park, Andenes de Cuyo Cuyo, Collasuyo, Marcapata Collana, and Lares; which were selected according to public scientific research, traditional agriculture conservation projects, and the legal recognition for their agrobiodiversity conditions; 50 stakeholders were selected for semi-structured interviews: public government (national, regional and local), non-governmental organisations, farmers union leaders, and local conservationists. In 2020, the group International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture summarised the contains of the Treaty in 11 categories, 8 of these were compiled for the study: sensitisation; political participation; assistance in traditional technologies; financing; participatory research; regulatory frameworks; use of quality native seed; promotion of traditional festivities.
The study uses de ICAAP methodology to quantify results. According to the results, the public sector has a weak and temporal intervention in research and technical intervention in the traditional production (0.22 points in an interval between 0 and 1); the national sector has mainly normative and centralist participation, which is not perceived by the conservationists, who prefer a direct long term relationship with the extension agents from regional government; the recognition and the formation of local leadership is the weakest implemented right (0.12 points) and its related to the sensitisation.
Keywords: Agrobiodiversity, International treaty on plant genetic tesources for food and agriculture, Peru, traditional production systems
Contact Address: Nancy Pierina Benites Alfaro, University of Florence, Agriculture, Via di San Bonaventura, 13, 50145 Firenze FI, 50100 Florence, Italy, e-mail: pierinabenitesalfarogmail.com