Agroecological practices - a key pillar to address climate vulnerability in the ecologically fragile Himalayan regions
Rajesh S. Kumar1, Shilpi Kundu2, Rubee Singh3
1 Member, Indian Forest Service(IFS), India
The Hindu Kush Himalayan region is home to 240 million people who are dependent on nature-based production systems for their food security and livelihoods. The food production systems in the region are increasingly being challenged by the impacts of unprecedented weather events and the consequent disastrous impacts due to the ongoing climate change. These adverse impacts are reported to undermine the social, and economic resilience of the dependent communities besides eroding the ecological resilience of the food production systems. As such these drivers of declining food production and productivity are triggering the onset of a set of vicious cycles with socio, political, ecological, and economic dimensions. In the current study, we have attempted to address the questions such as 1) what adaptation tracks anchored on the agroecology can be followed to address the vulnerabilities of small farm holders 2) what time tested evidence is available that is agro-ecologically calibrated to address the vulnerabilities and opportunities of mountain agriculture in the region, 3. How regional level policy actions have been driving actor synergy in scaling up as well as in the promotion of agro-ecology-based approaches for food security and climate resilience. In this study, we have considered the evidence available from India and Bangladesh and analysed the contexts by applying content analysis of the case studies. Based on the corroborating evidence, we suggest in the paper a set of suggestions for policy actions to enhance the capacity of the communities to adapt their food production systems by taking cross-sectoral resilience-building actions at the landscape level.
Keywords: Adaptation, agroecological practices, food security, Himalayan regions, resilience, small farm holder
Contact Address: Shilpi Kundu, Griffith University, School of Environment & Science, 170 Kessels Road, Nathan, 4111 Brisbane, Australia, e-mail: shilpi.agrogmail.com