Tropentag, September 14 - 16, 2022, Prague
"Can agroecological farming feed the world? Farmers' and academia's views."
Agroforestry as an alternative for the resilience of rural households to food insecurity in Sudano-Sahelian zone of Cameroon
Emile Blaise Siewe Pougoue1, Goudoum Augustin2, Abdou Bouba Armand2
1CIFOR-ICRAF, RESI-NOC, Cameroon
2University of Maroua, Dept. of Agriculture, Livestock and By-products, Cameroon
Context. Food security (FS) according to global changes (demographic growth, climate change, etc.) has become a major concern of humanity for several decades. However, the degradation of natural resources is no longer a question; It is a fact, a constraint that rural households (RHs) will now have to overcome in view of the challenge of food well-being which, is acutely posed in the Sudano-Sahelian zone (SSZ) of Cameroon. These factors inhibit available livelihoods and exacerbate vulnerability to food insecurity.
Objectives. The objective of this work was to analyse the contribution of agroforestry practices as an alternative for RHs to strengthen FS in the Far North region of Cameroon.
Methods. Data were collected from 380 randomly selected RHs. Agroforestry practices have been captured through the adoption of at least two of the soil fertility restoration techniques, while FS through the household consumption (SCA) and dietary diversity (SDAM) index. The split file made it possible to assess the influence of agroforestry practices on FS.
Results and discussion. The results show that the majority (91.84%) of RHs surveyed do not use the techniques of sustainable agriculture, compared to a minority (8.16%) who are use. These practices basically consist of several techniques (stone bunds, grass strips, fallow, crop rotation / association, systematic use of organic manure to the detriment of synthetic inputs, etc.). RHs who prioritise agroforestry have better FS (SCA: 43.7 ± 16.37; SDAM: 4.32 ± 0.74) more than those who are not practice (SCA: 39.3 ± 18.63; SDAM: 4.02 ± 1.41). They have more favourable predispositions allowing them to guard against food risk. They have more agricultural land (1.95 ± 2.34ha> 1.49 ± 2.16ha); respectively, their herd (UBT: 3.08 ± 4.64), the number of legume crops carried out per season (1.16 ± 1.06) are very appreciable compared to RHs not practicing sustainable agriculture (UBT: 2.33 ± 7.23; legume varieties: 0.87 ± 1.02).
Keywords: Cameroon, Food security, Sudano-Sahelian zone, sustainable agriculture
Contact Address: Emile Blaise Siewe Pougoue, CIFOR-ICRAF, RESI-NOC, P.O. Box 46 Maroua, Garoua, Cameroon, e-mail: e.siewecgiar.org