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Tropentag, September 15 - 17, 2021, hybrid conference

"Towards shifting paradigms in agriculture for a healthy and sustainable future"


Twenty Years of Agroecological Practices on a Family Farm in Pinar del Río, Cuba

Raymundo Vento Tielves1, Victor Jorge Díaz García2, Eduardo Cabrera Carcedo2, Evelyn Pérez Rodríguez1, Bettina Eichler-Löbermann3

1University of Pinar del Río, Center for Environment and Natural Resources Studies, Cuba
2Soil Institute of Pinar del Río, Siol, Cuba
3Rostock University, Agricultural and Environmental Faculty, Germany


Abstract


The research is integrated with the DiveCropS project supported by DAAD, Germany, and shows that experience of more than twenty years of agroecological practices in a family farming, located in an area of ​​slate heights in the Guaniguanico mountain, in the municipality of Los Palacios, province of Pinar del Río, Cuba. The studied is located in areas of fragile agricultural ecosystems with lithosol-type soil, which for many years have been subjected to poor management and intensive use, as a consequence they have been degraded by erosion and compaction, limiting their productive capacity. In the experience carried out, the effect of the system of agroecological practices implemented for the management of soils that allows them to improve, conserve and increase their productivity over time is evaluated. The study has a surface area of ​​5 hectares where they applied technologies for the improvement and conservation of soil, crop rotation, minimum tillage and agroforestry management. The results achieved show a reduction in erosion, by improving the chemical, physical and biological properties of the soil, increasing its fertility and the biodiversity of the agro-ecosystem, on the basis of reaching an increase in Organic Matter in the soil with values ​​of 0.97 to 1.96 %, achieves a greater cation exchange capacity, with an increase in structural porosity and soil permeability, contributing to a 30 % increase in yields. These results allow a greater stability of the family, improve their quality of life and guarantee their permanence in the environment without the need to emigrate to other areas


Keywords: Agroecology, agroforestry, biodiversity, family farming, soil


Contact Address: Raymundo Vento Tielves, University of Pinar del Río, Center for Environment and Natural Resources Studies, Borrego Avenue Building 108 Apt C-9 Brothers Cruz, 20100 Pinar del Río, Cuba, e-mail: tielve@upr.edu.cu


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