Structural characterisation as a basis for targeting meaningful improvements of the backyard production systems near the city of Muzafargarh, Punjab, Pakistan
Muhammad Tariq1, Ansar Abbas2
1University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Dept. of Livestock Management, Pakistan
Qualitative and semi-quantitative data from 196 interviews with backyard poultry farmers in peri-urban areas of district Muzafargarh in South Punjab was subjected to cluster analysis to identify homogenous groups of farms regarding production strategies, eggs and poultry production practices, marketing and its impacts on livelihood. Three distinct production systems were identified. Smallscale Subsistence Backyard Poultry System (SSB; 27%, n=53) had subsistence small number of poultry birds and products, mainly used for household consumption for daily food table, extra sold out to earn some money. Smallscale-Mixed Backyard Poultry Systems (SMB; 48.5 %, n=95) mediocre families, all have agriculture land, integration of poultry, livestock and crops production, subsistence production and also sale extra birds and eggs for family needs to earn some extra income. Large-scale Backyard Poultry System (LSB; 24.5%, n=48) comparatively raise large number of poultry birds, showed highest production and sale of eggs/birds as compare to other two groups and depend on poultry for their livelihood.
Keywords: Backyard chicken, CatPCA (Categorical Principal Component analysis), cluster analysis, eggs and meat, livelihood, typology
Contact Address: Muhammad Tariq, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Dept. of Livestock Management, 38000 Faisalabad, Pakistan, e-mail: tariqlmuaf.edu.pk