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Tropentag, September 14 - 16, 2022, Prague

"Can agroecological farming feed the world? Farmers' and academia's views."


Structural characterisation as a basis for targeting meaningful improvements of the backyard production systems near the city of Muzafargarh, Punjab, Pakistan

Muhammad Tariq1, Ansar Abbas2

1University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Dept. of Livestock Management, Pakistan
2University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Dept. of Livestock Management, Sub-Campus Toba Tek Singh


Abstract


Qualitative and semi-quantitative data from 196 interviews with backyard poultry farmers in peri-urban areas of district Muzafargarh in South Punjab was subjected to cluster analysis to identify homogenous groups of farms regarding production strategies, eggs and poultry production practices, marketing and its impacts on livelihood. Three distinct production systems were identified. Smallscale Subsistence Backyard Poultry System (SSB; 27%, n=53) had subsistence small number of poultry birds and products, mainly used for household consumption for daily food table, extra sold out to earn some money. Smallscale-Mixed Backyard Poultry Systems (SMB; 48.5 %, n=95) mediocre families, all have agriculture land, integration of poultry, livestock and crops production, subsistence production and also sale extra birds and eggs for family needs to earn some extra income. Large-scale Backyard Poultry System (LSB; 24.5%, n=48) comparatively raise large number of poultry birds, showed highest production and sale of eggs/birds as compare to other two groups and depend on poultry for their livelihood.
Negligence in feeding management, poor health care and management, high costs of feedstuffs, subsistence production related with poor resources, insufficient and improper housing, and low production rate in terms of both number of eggs and slow growth rate, high rate of mortality, lack of proper production knowledge and extension services were the main constraints for all production systems. Lack of proper husbandry practices should be addressed by providing poultry farmers with technical training on livestock and poultry keeping. It is therefore, concluded that improvement of village chicken production requires a holistic approach focusing on both improved chicken husbandry practices as well as health and disease control. Farmers should be trained and provided with modern chicken production techniques to ensure proper health care and management, which would result in lower mortality and greater productivity, resulting in an increase in livelihood. Farmers' efforts must therefore also be supported by government and private sector initiatives.


Keywords: Backyard chicken, CatPCA (Categorical Principal Component analysis), cluster analysis, eggs and meat, livelihood, typology


Contact Address: Muhammad Tariq, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Dept. of Livestock Management, 38000 Faisalabad, Pakistan, e-mail: tariqlm@uaf.edu.pk


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