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Tropentag, September 14 - 16, 2022, Prague

"Can agroecological farming feed the world? Farmers' and academia's views."


Factors influencing resource-poor farmers' awareness and adoption of climate-smart agriculture (CSA) technologies in Gujarat (India)

Vinaya Kumar Hebbasale Mallappa1, Dietrich Darr2

1Anand Agricultural University, Anand, Gujarat (India), Department of Agricultural Extension and Communication, India
2Rhine-Waal University of Applied Sciences, Faculty of Life Sciences; Sustainable Food Systems Research Centre, Germany


Abstract


Climate change and variability are key concerns for agricultural production and rural livelihoods, particularly resource-poor farmers in India. Climate-Smart Agriculture (CSA) increases productivity, improves resilience, and reduces the negative impacts of climate change. To accelerate the agricultural transition, resource-poor farmers must use climate-smart farming technologies. Hence, the study assessed the drivers that influence farmers' awareness and adoption of climate-smart technologies, which can help resource-constrained farmers achieve CSA goals. A multivariate probit model and factor analysis were used to study CSA technologies' awareness and adoption drivers using data from 240 agricultural households. The study reveals that 39.17 % and 42.50 % of resource-poor farmers had low awareness and adoption of CSA technologies. Concerning determinantal factors like risk orientation (0.316), extension participation (0.273), annual income (0.258), agricultural mass media exposure (0.185) and innovative proneness (0.134) were significantly related to the awareness and adoption level of farmers. It is also found that psychological and economic factors significantly influence the awareness and adoption of CSA technologies. The majority of farmers had constraints of the high cost of inputs (85.42%), lack of sufficient knowledge about the CSA technologies (75.42 %) and migration of youth (75.00 %) in the adoption of CSA technologies. Hence, there is an immediate need to awaken the farming community towards CSA technologies, which stresses improving productivity, adapting to climate change, and mitigating greenhouse gases. Therefore, we recommend that in the long run, agriculture and related departments will need to offer the necessary infrastructure and additional technical assistance through village demonstrations and a follow-up strategy by considering the psychological and economic factors of farmers'.


Keywords: Adoption, climate change, climate-smart agriculture, drivers, farmers, resource-poor


Contact Address: Vinaya Kumar Hebbasale Mallappa, Anand Agricultural University, Anand, Gujarat (India), Department of Agricultural Extension and Communication, B. a. college of agriculture, 388110 Anand, India, e-mail: vinay@aau.in


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