Pastoralists’ perceptions on rangeland resources and utilisation at El-Khuwei locality West Kordofan state, Sudan
Sudan University of Science and Technology, College of Forestry and Range Science, Sudan
This study was conducted at El- Khuwei locality, West Kordofan State, Sudan. Two sites were selected: El-Rosa village and a village's area nearby. The study aims to provide information that contributes to a better understanding of the Pastoralists’ Perceptions on Rangeland Resources and Utilisation. The perception of pastoralists and their impact on the use of rangelands was investigated through the collection of data from the livestock raisers, using a questionnaire. The study on rangeland management and pastoralists’ perceptions on rangeland resources and utilisation were meant to improve our understanding of the interactions between the human and livestock population and the environment from the pastoralists’ standpoint. This should give a validation of the scientific methods we adopted at least in part. Range plants that recorded high percentage as palatable species according to the livestock raisers Zornia glochidiata (57.5%) also appeared in diet selection by grazing sheep as preferred plants. This result supports the finding from diet selection. Also plants recorded high percentage as unpalatable species according to the livestock raisers such as Sida alba (70%) disappeared from the diet selected by grazing sheep. Many of the plants that had high RPI were also reported by pastoralists as preferred plants. The results of the present study reinforce the fact that water is clearly the most limiting resource affecting productivity of rangelands. Pastoralists have developed strategies to cope with this by digging ponds and wells to supply drinking water, with traditional rules and regula¬tions in place for utilisation of watering points. It was concluded that sheep can select a diet superior to the average quality of the biomass vegetation. These findings may be considered as a basis for an informed management system in the El-Khuwei Locality which will be invaluable in developing sustainable management strategies for use by pastoralists.
Keywords: Human , pastoralists’ perceptions, rangeland Resources, utilisation
Contact Address: Mohammed Abdelkreim, Sudan University of Science and Technology, College of Forestry and Range Science, Soba St., 11113 Soba, Sudan, e-mail: abdelkreim1979gmail.com