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Tropentag, September 14 - 16, 2022, Prague

"Can agroecological farming feed the world? Farmers' and academia's views."

Organic farming and food security in Sikkim, India

Manesh Choubey

Sikkim Central University , Economics , Indonesia


The objective of the paper is to analyse food security among organic farmers in Sikkim, India. Sikkim is hilly state in North Eastern part of India which is converted as 100% organic state in 2015. Data were collected from 300 farmers using multi stage random sampling covering all the four districts of Sikkim. Area under food grain has declined the state and farmers converting their land into cash crops like cardamom, fruits and vegetables where they get better prices. Principal cause for farmers to continue with organic farming was the awareness among farmers of the bad effects conventional method of cultivation would bring to their land and health. There is decline of 3.29 % and 2.58% in area and production respectively of rice in Sikkim. Although productivity has decrease marginally in initial years but stagnated after adoption of organic farming. This is of great concern on food security of the state as rice is staple food of the state. There is high coefficient of variation of 16% in area and 9 % in production and productivity shows the high fluctuations area, production and productivity. Area under maize cultivation has increased marginally at the compound annual growth rate of 0.21%. Production of maize in Sikkim has increased marginally at CAGR 0.26%. Productivity has increased at CAGR of 0.71 %. Mean area under Maize cultivation was 38.87882 (000ha) whereas, mean production during 2002 to 2020 was 51.43588 (000 tons). Mean productivity estimated during the period was 1684.139. Coefficient of variation was 3% in area and production and 4 % in productivity. Farmers were aware that organic farming is providing better ecosystem services and helpful in maintaining ecological balances. Farmers followed agroeological practices e.g, crop rotation, manuring, application of organic fertilisers, pesticides and insecticides. The demand for organic products has increased and farmers were getting 30% better price for their produce. Increase in income due to remunerative price helped farmers to buy more food items and to maintain food and nutritional security.

Keywords: Food security, India, organic farming, Sikkim

Contact Address: Manesh Choubey, Sikkim Central University , Economics , 6th mile tadong, 737102 Gangtok, Indonesia, e-mail: mchoubey@cus.ac.in

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