Tropentag, September 14 - 16, 2022, Prague
"Can agroecological farming feed the world? Farmers' and academia's views."
Status quo and intensification of traditional apricot farming and processing in Gilgit-Baltistan, northern Pakistan
Mareike Köster1, Iftikhar Alam2, Jai Rana3, Martin Wiehle4, Andreas Buerkert5
1University of Göttingen, Dept. of Crop Sciences, Tropical Plant Production and Agricultural Systems Modelling (TROPAGS), Germany
2University of Kassel, Organic Plant Production and Agroecosyst. Res. in the Tropics and Subtropics, Germany
3Alliance of Bioversity International and CIAT, India
4University of Kassel, Tropenzentrum / Organic Plant Production and Agroecosyst. Res. in the Tropics and Subtropics (OPATS), Germany
5University of Kassel, Organic Plant Production and Agroecosyst. Res. in the Tropics and Subtropics, Germany
Small-scale farmers in developing countries can benefit from intensification and diversification strategies by increasing livelihood security through higher income from various sources. Gilgit-Baltistan in northern Pakistan was selected in this study to reveal the opportunities and limitations of such strategies in rural
mountain areas by studying the status quo of apricot production and the innovative farming practices of producers. Apricot cultivation and processing were documented and then linked to prevailing socio-economic realities. In total, 86 Households (HHs) in six valleys were interviewed. A HH level intensification index, calculated by taking the mean of seven agronomic indicators, was generated, and explanatory farm and framers’ characteristics, production characteristics, knowledge, and apricot management were tested for their predictive power. The local diversity of apricot varieties was high, while the cultivation was extensive, small-scale, and characterised by low productivity. Well-adapted, local apricot trees were under threat of being neglected and replaced due to a shortage of agricultural workforce, low profits, and consecutive decreasing value attribution. Nevertheless, apricot production can contribute to the provision of nutritious fruits and increased HH earnings, as HHs applying innovative farming practices showed increased apricot incomes. The overall innovative strive among local farmers was low and decreased with remoteness from markets. Age and training were the determining factors for HHs to adopt innovations. A lack of awareness of innovative practices was attributed to slow and limited communication. Rejection of innovation was either due to low-value attribution towards apricot farming or personal objections and risk aversion. Commonly adopted innovations (e.g., sulfur drying) were either well integrated with traditional practices or characterised by low up-front costs while quickly returning benefits. To prevent the abandonment of apricot farming and the consecutive loss of associated benefits, intensively managed apricot stands need to be promoted.
Keywords: Adoption, horticulture, socio-economic, varietal richness
Contact Address: Mareike Köster, University of Göttingen, Dept. of Crop Sciences, Tropical Plant Production and Agricultural Systems Modelling (TROPAGS), Göttingen, Germany, e-mail: koester.mareikegmail.com