Indigenous tree species reforestation: An adaption measure to climate change in central Uganda
Estellina Namutebi1, Joost Dessein1, Cuthbert Tukundane 2
1Ghent University, Agricultural Economics, Belgium
Human-induced causes of climate change in Uganda have made the country vulnerable to climate change since the dawn of the 21st century (Mafuta, et al. 2010). Among these, is deforestation which has seen three-quarters of the forest cover in Uganda exploited for agriculture and industrial development (Magala, 2015). It’s these forests that assist in rainfall formation and thus better seasonal crop growing and yields among the rural farming communities. Besides, seasonal crops are the determinant of the survival of rural community farmers who are engaged in mixed farming both crops and livestock production. For that reason, the effects of climate change like long dry spells, and changing rainfall patterns, have greatly impacted the farmers in rural areas of Uganda. Being seasonal crop farmers implies that farming is entirely dependent on rainfall which is received annually between 1500-2000mm per annum in the central region of Uganda. This challenge prompted action research, which was carried out in the aforementioned area, whose intervention was indigenous tree reforestation and fruit tree growing for food security as an adaptation measure to climate change. The response from the community of interest was tremendous and thus, a gradual change of mindset toward environmental protection.
Keywords: Indigenous tree species, climate change, reforestation
Contact Address: Estellina Namutebi, Ghent University, Agricultural Economics, Coupure links, 9000 Ghent, Belgium, e-mail: estellina.namutebiugent.be