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Tropentag, September 15 - 17, 2021, hybrid conference

"Towards shifting paradigms in agriculture for a healthy and sustainable future"


Assessment of Traditional Processing Technologies of Tamarindus indica in Northern Benin

Rose Estelle Kanfon1, Flora Josiane Chadare1, Cokou Pascal Agbangnan2

1National University of Agriculture, Laboratory of Food and Bio-Resources Science and Technology and Human Nutrition, Benin
2University of Abomey-Calavi, Applied Chemistry Studies and Research Laboratory, Benin


Abstract


Native plants and fruits have recently gained a lot of attention due to their nutritional and functional potential.This is the case with Tamarindus indica which is a nutritious fruit with a variety of uses. It has several appellations depending on the region. The pulp of Tamarindus indica remains the most used organ of the species but underutilised despite its interesting nutritional properties. Its high perishability makes it compulsory to process it into different derived products.The objective of this study is to assess traditional technologies for processing Tamarindus indica pulp in the municipalities of Bassila, Djougou and Material in northern Benin. Data were collected through a semi-structured survey and sixty-five tamarind processors were interviewed apartment for nine socio-linguistic groups. Descriptive statistics and correspondance analyse were used to link ethnofood knowledge to processes.
It arises from the investigations that, out of the three municipalities surveyed, the ethnic groups producing tamarind drinks are mostly Yoa-Lokpa (42.86%), Ottamari and related (28.57%) followed by the Dendi and Yoruba (10%) of which fifty percent are women. Main derived products from tamarind were nectar, powder and sirup. Citation frequencies from informants showed that amarind nectar is mainly produced by Yoa
-Lokpa ethnic group and related (58.79%) followed by dendi ans related (16.28%) while Tamarind powder is processed only by Ottamari and related ethnic groups.Tamarind sirup is a product specific to the Yoruba and related socio-lingustic groups of the municipality of Bassila .It is suggested that further characterisation of the identified product is performed for their better valorisation.


Keywords: Benin, Tamarind drinks, tamarind pulp, traditional technologies


Contact Address: Rose Estelle Kanfon, National University of Agriculture, Laboratory of Food and Bio-Resources Science and Technology and Human Nutrition, BP. 774 Sakété, Abomey-Calavi, Benin, e-mail: kanfonrose@gmail.com


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