Do groundnut haulm quality influence farmers decision on variety adoption? An explorative study from an eastern Indian state
Nils Teufel1, Braja Swain2, Isabelle Baltenweck1
1International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), Policies, Institutions & Livelihoods (PIL), Kenya
Crop residue contributes major shares (61%) of total dry matter intake in mixed crop-livestock systems, while dual-purpose crops play an important role-grain provides feed for human and crop residue used as feed for the livestock and will continue as available land is declining due to urbanisation and population growth. Groundnut is one of the important dual-purpose crops, where its haulm provides high-protein to ruminants especially in low-rainfall/dry land agro-economy system. Identifying the improved variety having both high pod yield and better haulm quality and disseminating will have high positive impact on the livestock productivity. Having importance of groundnut for both food and feed, ICRISAT and ILRI embarked on selecting superior varieties of groundnut in India having better pod yield and nutritive quality of their haulms since 2006. As a result, a new improved variety namely ICGV91114 was identified and released nationwide in 2007 including Odisha. This variety (local name ‘devi’) was successfully adopted by the government system and also widely adopted by farmers in Odisha.
Keywords: Dual-purpose crop, groundnut, haulm quality and adoption
Contact Address: Braja Swain, International Livestock Research Institute, PIL, NASC Complex, DPS Satri Marg, , 110012 New Delhi, India, e-mail: brajacdsgmail.com