Ultrasonic measurements of fetal parameters for estimation of gestational period in Nubian goats supplemented with Moringa oleifera leaves
Faisal Ahmed1, Nahla Elhassan2, Magdalena Mohammed3
1University of Khartoum, Dept. of Reproduction and Obstetrics, Sudan
The present study aimed to evaluate the influence of Moringa oleifera (MO) leaves supplement to the pregnant goat feed on fetal growth in Nubian goats in Butana area using the application of real-time ultrasnography and to determine the relationship between the gestational period (GP) with the measurements of crown rump length (CRL), biparietal diameter (BPD) and femur length (FL). Twenty (20) multiparous apparently healthy Nubian does with fair body condition score (BCS) and 1.5 - 2 years old were used in this study. The animals were allocated randomly according to the level of MO leaves supplemented in the roughages. Measurements were taken three times within the pregnancy period for measuring the CRL, BPD and FL. Crown rump length measurement at day 45 of pregnancy, showed significant difference (P<0.05) between groups. The highest mean measurement for CRL (4.63±0.69 cm) was achieved in group D, while the lowest mean value (3.60±0.53 cm) was recorded in group B. Mean value for FL measurement (2.24±0.42 cm) and BPD measurement (2.40±0.70 cm) at day 80 of pregnancy, showed no significant difference between groups (P>0.05). The results demonstrated that CRL, BPD and FL were significantly correlated with GP (P<0.05). The CRL was positively correlated with GP (R =0.501) followed by the BPD (R =0.614) and the FL was strongly positively correlated with GP (R =0.957).
Keywords: Fetal measurements, gestational age, Nubian goats
Contact Address: Nahla Elhassan, University of Khartoum, Dept. of Animal Prodcution and Animal Nutrition, Athora Alnosalhara 17, 1111 Omdurman, Sudan, e-mail: nahlavetxxhotmail.com