Gender Responsive Circular Economy Innovations for Food and Energy Security of Refugee and Host Communities in East Africa
Solomie Gebrezgabher1, Mary Njenga2, Ruth Mendum3
1International Water Management Institute (IWMI), Ghana
In the East African sub-region with about 3.2 million refugees and nearly 5.8 million internally displaced people, competition over resources such as firewood, fertile land and water is becoming a common source of social tension between refugee and their surrounding host communities. Located mostly in dry landscapes with poor soils, the increasing population pressure accelerates the loss of vegetative cover, erosion and land degradation, making small-scale agricultural production challenging. Lack of access to adequate cooking energy forces refugees to trade and barter food aid so as to acquire firewood from host communities. Women suffer in particular under the dwindling accessibility of firewood. To complement the insufficient aid received, few refugees and host communities are attempting to improve their livelihoods through growing crops and trees but are faced with the challenges of low rainfall and poor soils.
Keywords: Circular economy, East Africa, gender, refugees, resource recovery and reuse
Contact Address: Solomie Gebrezgabher, International Water Management Institute (IWMI), Accra, Ghana, e-mail: s.gebrezgabhercgiar.org