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Tropentag, September 14 - 16, 2022, Prague

"Can agroecological farming feed the world? Farmers' and academia's views."

Reducing emission by integrating shade tolerant non-timber forest product (NTFPs) in cocoa forest landscape

Emmanuel Adu-Sarpong

Forestry Commission, Ghana, Forest Business Planning, Ghana


Due to national and international economic contributions, the commodity-led restoration approach has dictated Ghana's REDD+ implementation strategy, typically the cocoa, forest and currently shea tree commodities. However, regardless of these contributions, there are calls for expanding the commodity net to enhance smallholder commitment in tree management to maximise benefits fully. One such commodity wealthy of inclusion is the Non-Timber Forest Product (NTFPs), which has equal and enormous economic, social (food and livelihood), medicinal, management, and ecosystem benefits to the rural economy and welfare. However, earlier studies on NTFPs focused on the commercialisation of products without recourse to restoration. As a result, few individuals, donor projects, and civil society paid little attention to restoration with little success. This study seeks to annex knowledge on improving commercial cultivation using enhanced propagation and export potentials of the products to create sustainable markets for smallholder farmers in the cocoa forest landscape, especially the Modified Taungya plantation landscapes. Using primary and secondary data in a value chain analytical sequence, propagation and market incentive concepts for Piper guineense (Black pepper BP), Afromomum melegueta (Grains of paradise GoP) and Thaumatococcus daniellii (Thaumatin) were explored.
The findings indicated that the farmers applied vegetative propagation and rooting from cuttings in the Modified Taungya. The Cocoa Smart Agriculture and Trees on Cropland agroforestry landscapes were the most common practice with high integration prospects. Also, the Lophila-Triplochiton and Tectona-cedrella tree association with Compost (proka) practices were some of the conditions for supporting commercial cultivation. On the other hand, trading BP, GoP and Thaumatin products in EU countries, especially Germany, is feasible through SMEs/companies with established NTFPs market networks. The market figures at the farmgate and consumptive point indicate high-value addition to the exported products. However, establishing profit margins along the value chain was challenging as the respondents disclosed little or none. Sustaining a structured NTPFs market has the potential for food and livelihood security to stimulate commitment to forest tree management at the landscape level to support the resultant emission reduction drive.

Keywords: Cultivation, emission reduction, landscape, non-timber forest Products, propagation, restoration, smallholder farmers

Contact Address: Emmanuel Adu-Sarpong, Forestry Commission, Ghana, Forest Business Planning, Resource management support centre 0109, +233 Kumasi, Ghana, e-mail: aduemma7738@gmail.com

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