Disruptions and Resilience of Agri-Food Value Chains in Light of the COVID-19 Pandemic: Review of Evidence and Implications for Future Responses
Dietmar Stoian1, Paswel Marenya2, Jason Donovan3
1CIFOR-ICRAF, Sustainable and Equitable Value Chains, Germany
We reviewed 129 studies published by research and development organisations that examined the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on agri-food value chains to better understand the state of knowledge and possible gaps in coverage. Relatively well covered were the effects of COVID-19 restrictions at production, retail and consumption levels. In contrast, we found limited evidence on the effects of COVID-19 restrictions in the midstream segments of value chains (processing, wholesale) or as regards the provision of inputs and services. Responses by public and private sector organisations were fairly well covered, as opposed to NGO interventions and their effects. Geographic coverage was strongest for Asia and Africa but much weaker for Latin America and the Caribbean. Value chains of perishable products, such as fruits and vegetables, dairy and other animal products, were more affected than those of more durable products, such as cereals, roots and tubers. We did not find a clear-cut picture as regards the resilience of domestic vis-à-vis global value chains.
Keywords: COVID-19, public and private policy, research gaps, resilience, value chains
Contact Address: Dietmar Stoian, CIFOR-ICRAF, Sustainable and Equitable Value Chains, c/o Global Crop Diversity Trust, Platz der Vereinten Nationen 7, 53113 Bonn, Germany, e-mail: d.stoiancgiar.org