Extreme Weather Events and Permanent Internal Migration: Evidence from Mongolia
Julian Röckert, Kati Krähnert
Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research, Research Department II: Climate Resilience, Germany
Mongolia is among the most vulnerable regions in the world to climate change. Aside from temperature rises and changes in precipitation patterns, extreme weather events have increased both in their intensity and frequency in recent decades. The national livestock economy, which constitutes the main source of income for the majority of the rural population is put under increased pressure by this development. As extreme weather events are accompanied by high livestock mortality, they endanger the traditional livelihood of herding families. Through this vein, natural calamities may contribute to forced climate-induced migration decisions. The accelerating urbanisation notwithstanding, there is to-date little to no empirical evidence on the question to which extend extreme weather events matter for population mobility in the Mongolian context.
Keywords: Extreme weather events, internal migration, Mongolia, pastoralism
Contact Address: Julian Röckert, Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research, Research Department II: Climate Resilience, Weichselstr. 54, 12045 Berlin, Germany, e-mail: roeckertpik-potsdam.de