Tropentag, September 15 - 17, 2021, hybrid conference
"Towards shifting paradigms in agriculture for a healthy and sustainable future"
The Potential of Neglected and Underutilised Species for Enhancing Food and Nutrition Security in Northern Ghana
Lara Elena Thiele1, Rashida Chantima Ziblila2, Lydia Madintin Konlan3, Fred Kizito4, Margareta Lelea5, Oliver Hensel6
1University Kassel, Germany
2University for Development Studies, Dept. of Agricultural Extension, Rural Development and Gender Studies, Ghana
3University of Kassel / University of Goettingen, Dept. of Agricultural Econ. and Rural Developm., Germany
4International Insititute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), Natural Resource Management, Ghana
5German Institute for Tropical and Subtropical Agriculture (DITSL), Germany
6University of Kassel, Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering, Germany
Food and nutrition security remains an issue and while some crops supply a significant amount of calories worldwide, other neglected and underutilised species (NUS) are not considered for commercial agriculture despite that many have nutritional benefits. In Ghana, anemia, and vitamin A deficiency are prevalent among women and children.
The aim of the study is to assess the nutritional status of selected NUS and their availability, and accessibility, in relation to their potential to increase food and nutrition security in northern Ghana. The location in northern Ghana includes 27 women’s groups around Tamale. Publicly available databases were utilised to assess the nutritional composition of selected NUS. Then two specific examples are contrasted – one which is introduced - orange-fleshed sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas) and – one that is indigenous – African Locust Bean (Parkia biglobosa). Transcripts from group activities such as a seasonal calendar and other focus group discussions as well as semi-structured interviews are coded for access, availability, volume, and utilisation among other themes. This analysis is complemented by IITA data of biofortified OFSP released in Ghana.
The analysis of the databases shows the high potential of selected NUS. For example, ALB contains a high amount of folate necessary for women during pregnancy. The semi-structured interviews revealed that the situation of the ALB trees is dire with diminishing availability due to agricultural mechanisation, firewood pressures, and other factors arising from access rights and land governance. Multiple approaches are needed to ensure the propagation of young trees. OFSP has been introduced and promoted due to its high Vitamin A content. Currently, it is distributed by international aid organisations and agricultural extension, but it is in need of a functioning supply chain and increased market demand.
The analysis revealed that data on NUS is scarce and the availability of NUS is a key factor for farmer’s uptake and therefore using the potential that the species offers. Parkia biglobosa is not sufficiently available anymore and Ipomoea batatas L. is not sufficiently available yet. Furthermore, biofortification of OFSP can bring the vitamin A content to an unprecedented amount compared to already released varieties.
Keywords: African locust bean, Ghana, neglected and underutilised species, nutrition security, orange-fleshed sweet potato
Contact Address: Lara Elena Thiele, University Kassel, Witzenhausen, Germany, e-mail: letmino85gmail.com