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Tropentag, September 14 - 16, 2022, Prague

"Can agroecological farming feed the world? Farmers' and academia's views."


Drivers and pathways of changing rice production systems in luzon, philippines

Richelyn Rose Clavero1, Manuel José C. Regalado2, Mathias Becker1, Shyam Pariyar1

1University of Bonn, Inst. Crop Sci. and Res. Conserv. (INRES) - Plant Nutrition, Germany
2Philippine Rice Research Institute, Rice Engineering & Mechanization Division, Philippines


Abstract


Since the advent of the green revolution, rice-based production systems and cultivation practices in the Philippines have been continuously changing. Such change processes reflect farmers’ adaptation to different endogenous and exogenous factors affecting the social-ecological system and serving as drivers of the changes currently happening or that have happened in the past, paving the way to the development of new production systems. Endogenous factors relate to location specific attributes (i.e., soil quality, water availability) and household attributes (i.e., resource endowment), differentially affecting the pathways of change, either in a positive or in a negative way. Exogenous factors include issuances of laws and policies, climate change, and the development and availability of new production technologies (i.e., new genotypes, mechanisation).
The recently implemented Rice Trade Liberalisation Law (Republic Act No. 11203) in the Philippines significantly changes the policy landscape in the rice sector and is expected to impact rice production systems by increasing uncertainties on economic revenues of rice farmers, and thus jeopardising food security and increasing rural poverty in the country. This law permits cheap imported rice flooding the market and thus reducing the price of locally produced paddy. Estimating future production trends and expected changes in land use and crop management requires an understanding of past and present changes in productivity and of pathways of transitions to the emergence of new system configurations. Understanding and forecasting change trends and their determinants can help avoiding undesirable developments and guide policy decisions for a sustained supply of rice.
Through a diachronic analysis (years 2018 vs. 2022) we assessed changes in production practices and performance attributes in four main rice-producing provinces in Luzon. Structured surveys administered to 600 rice farmers were complemented by focus group discussions and the sampling and analysis of soil attributes and grain yields. We defined major pathways of change and identified likely drivers of but also possible risks or opportunities associated with observed patterns of transformation both pre-and post-implementation of the rice trade liberalisation law. The findings on system shifts, their drivers and likely implications will be presented and discussed.


Keywords: Cropping system shift, DPSIR, food security, Oryza sativa, rice tariffication


Contact Address: Richelyn Rose Clavero, University of Bonn, Inst. Crop Sci. and Res. Conserv. (INRES) - Plant Nutrition, Endenicher Allee 17, 53115 Bonn, Germany, e-mail: richelyn.clavero@yahoo.com


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