Farmers' appreciation of fodder trees and their preference by sheep in the Sudano-Sahelian zone of Burkina Faso
Linda Cletchio Gabriella Traoré1, Minata Ouattara1, Sita Sanou1, H. Oumou Sanon1, Regina Rößler2, Valérie Bougouma-Yameogo3, Eva Schlecht4
1Institute of Environment and Agricultural Research (INERA), Animal Production, Burkina Faso
Trees provide important functions to the rural population in the Sudano-Sahelian zone of Burkina Faso. During the dry season, they constitute an essential resource for feeding ruminant livestock. The objective of our study was to identify the fodder trees that are, according to farmers, the most palatable for small ruminants, and to confirm farmers’ perception through a palatability test, within the EU-Horizon 2020 SustainSahel project (https://www.sustainsahel.net/). A total of 185 households in the Centre-West Region of Burkina Faso were interviewed using a structured questionnaire, followed by an on-station feeding choice experiment to assess sheep’s preference for leaves of eight selected trees and shrubs assigned randomly to two blocks. Consumption time was taken as an indicator for the preference of a specific tree species and was observed during 30 minutes for two pairs of two sheep each per day, offered leaves of block 1 and 2, respectively, on alternate days. After a period of 8 days in total, all sheep had been exposed to all leaves twice.
Keywords: Burkina Faso, farmer knowledge, fodder trees, preference, sheep
Contact Address: Linda Cletchio Gabriella Traoré, Inst. of Environment and Agricultural Research (INERA), Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso, e-mail: gabriella.traoreyahoo.fr