Ecological status of the Pitahaya crop of the San Jorge farm, Pastaza, Ecuador
Evelyn Pérez Rodríguez1, Raymundo Vento Tielves1, Juan Carlos Cruz Hurtado2, Reinaldo Demesio Alemán Pérez3, Roldán Torres-Gutiérrez4
1University of Pinar del Río, Center for Environment and Natural Resources Studies, Cuba
The research developed inserted in the DiveCropS Project: Diversifying Cropping Systems financed by DAAD of Germany, was carried out in the Pastaza province in Ecuador for the study of agricultural practices used in crops. to diversify the production of exportable resources of timber, medicinal or edible species. Within the edible products of this region is the Pitahaya (Selenicereus megalanthus) characteristic of subtropical and Amazonian zones, considered an exotic tropical fruit, with yellow skin, pulp with a bittersweet taste, with high demand in the national and international market. The objective of this study was to diagnose the state of the Pitahaya plantations in the San Jorge farm for the introduction of good agroecological practices. The research was based on the descriptive observational technique, which contemplated the application of observation and interview instruments. As results, the plantations were identified in moist, sandy loam soils, with good drainage due to their sensitivity to flooding, applying the traditional trellis system cultivation technique with a height of up to 2 m exposed to high light, with staggered production, achieving five harvests per year, in addition, environmental problems with the crop were detected, where the loss of biological diversity, the felling of forest ecosystems, the use of agrochemicals in the fertilisation of plantations, as well as the opening of access roads, causing the fragmentation of the ecosystem. This situation shows the need to establish a set of agroecological practices to mitigate the impact of environmental problems detected in the crop as a sustainable and sustainable alternative.
Keywords: Agricultural practices, agroecology, cultivation and environmental problems
Contact Address: Evelyn Pérez Rodríguez, University of Pinar del Río, Center for Environment and Natural Resources Studies, Reparto Hermanos Cruz, Pinar del Río, Cuba, e-mail: evelynupr.edu.cu