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Tropentag, September 14 - 16, 2022, Prague

"Can agroecological farming feed the world? Farmers' and academia's views."


Maize production efficiency in southern Ethiopia: the cross-sectional data analysis

Mathewos Naramo1, Alula tafesse Shirko1, Dietrich Darr2

1Wolaita Sodo University, Agricultural Economics, Ethiopia
2Rhine-Waal University of Applied Sciences, Faculty of Life Sciences; Sustainable Food Systems Research Centre, Germany


Abstract


Maize has been one of the most important crops in Africa contributing to food security concerns. However, its productivity remained below its potential level due to various reasons in Ethiopia and other sub Saharan countries. Increasing its productivity through efficient mechanisms, particularly for resource constrained smallholder farmer it has massive implications. Thus, this study aimed to determine the levels of economic efficiency of smallholder maize producers and link the observed efficiency levels of farmers with socioeconomic and institutional characteristics in Southern Ethiopia. A two-stage probability random sampling technique was used to select 384 sample farmers. Further, for data analysis, the descriptive statistics, stochastic production frontier, and two-limit Tobit econometric model were used to estimate the levels of efficiencies and to identify the sources of maize production inefficiencies. As a result, the mean technical efficiency (TE), allocative efficiency (AE), and economic efficiency (EE) were 82, 75, and 62 percent, respectively. Maize output was determined by land size, the quantity of fertiliser, family labour, oxen power, seed, and pesticides. Sources of maize production inefficiencies are the gender of the household head, landholding, training, education, farm experience, and membership in cooperatives, age, and distance from the plot of land, off-farm activities, livestock holding, and distance from the credit institution. Mainly, it provides more concrete recommendations to policymakers to focus on agricultural advisory and support services--including the provision of credit and short-term pieces of training on advanced maize production technologies for women and other disadvantaged groups, promoting the establishment of women farmer learning circles.


Keywords: Efficiency, maize, smallholder farm, stochastic production frontier, Tobit


Contact Address: Alula tafesse Shirko, Wolaita Sodo University, Agricultural Economics, Wadu, Wolaita Sodo, Ethiopia, e-mail: alula.tafesse@yahoo.com


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