Impacts of using local made technology on wheat production of smallholder farmers as compared to broadcasting sowing method: the case of Arsi zone, Ethiopia
Sisay Yefru Derbe1, Dechassa Hirpa Dibaba2, Zegeye Tirfe Mamo1
1Arsi University, Dept. of Agricultural Economics, Ethiopia
Crop sowing techniques play an important role in the placement of seed at proper depth and spacing which ultimately affects crop growth and its yield performance. The selection of suitable sowing methods for wheat production is dependent upon the time of planting, soil types, accessibility and affordability of sowing machine. Sowing method is one of the agronomic practices that limit the wheat production and productivity. By observing and assessing sowing problems in Arsi zone, Mr. Alemayehu, who was the staff of GIZ-GIC, developed a simple row seeding technology (ART) in 2017 and 2018. Therefore, this study was carried out to assess and investigate the impacts of using the New Alemayehu Row Seeding Technology (ART) on wheat production of smallholder farmers as compared to broadcasting sowing method in eight rotation Based On-Farn Demonstrations (RoBOFD) Districts of Arsi Zone during 2019/20 cropping season. The study took a sample of 70 users ART and 70 non-users of ART (BCSM) using multi-stage sampling procedure by employing systematic and simple random sampling technique. Both primary and secondary data were used for the study. The treatments of the research consisted of three sowing techniques: Bereken maresha + full ART set, only ART leveling board + traditional maresha and broadcasting sowing method. Descriptive and test statistics were computed to describe demographic and socioeconomic characteristics sample households. A propensity score matching (PSM) method was employed to analyse the impact of ART on labour use and wheat yield. The survey analysis of the impact estimate of the PSM showed that there was a statistically significant impact of ART on both labour use and wheat yield. It can be concluded that using ART for wheat sowing brought significant impact on wheat yield and labour use as compared to BCSM. Based on the result obtained, it is recommended that GIC/GIZ and government better to scale up the technology to the smallholder farmers.
Keywords: Arsi zone, ART, PSM, RoBOFD, sowing techniques, wheat
Contact Address: Sisay Yefru Derbe, Arsi University, Dept. of Agricultural Economics, Ardu, 193 Asella, Ethiopia, e-mail: sisayyefrugmail.com