Logo Tropentag

Tropentag, September 14 - 16, 2022, Prague

"Can agroecological farming feed the world? Farmers' and academia's views."


Improvements in forest conditions due to implementation in participatory forest management at Shekko forest southwest Ethiopia

Barentu Kasa1, Hirko Dibaba Kanke2, Kitessa Hundera3

1Jimma University, Natural resource Management
2Jimma University, Hirko Dibaba Kanke, Ethiopia
3Jimma University, Biology


Abstract


Forests have enormous ecological, economical and socio-cultural significances. However the loss in forest cover is alarming particularly in developing countries like Ethiopia due to subsistence agriculture and demand for forest products. Participatory Forest Management (PFM) practices have been introduced over the last 40 years to improve forest conditions and livelihoods of the local community. The number and area of forests under PFM has increased considerably over recent years. Sheko forest, southwest Ethiopia, is one of such forest. In the district most of the community’s livelihood is depend on coffee production and related activities. The overall objective of this study is to asses effects of PFM on diversity and Regeneration in Natural and coffee forest in Gizemeret district. Multi stage sampling technique was used to generate necessary information. Transect lines were laid following the gradient and quadrants of size 20meter×20meter (400m2) was established systematically at every 100 m intervals. All individuals of species registered in all the sample quadrates were used in the analysis of diversity, and regeneration status. The Diameter at Breast Height (DBH), basal area, tree density, frequency and important value index were used for description of vegetation structure. A total of 35 woody species representing 20 families were identified in Gizemeret Forest in both PFM and Non PFM. Of these Species 34(75%) were trees and 6(25%) were Shrubs.The diversity and evenness of woody species in Gizemeret forest was 3.68 and 0.93 for natural coffee forest and 1.72 and 0.5 for coffee forest respectively. In terms of tree density from the total woody species recorded in the study area, there were 2073 and 911 individuals’ ha-1 in the NF and CF, respectively. The total basal area of tree species was 658.87m2/ha and 829.62 m2/ha in NF and CF respectively. The finding of this study shows that the forest conditions are improving due to restriction in open access as forest user groups are managing forests accordingly.


Keywords: Coffee forest, forest conditions, forest regeneration , participatory forest management


Contact Address: Hirko Dibaba Kanke, Jimma University, Hirko Dibaba Kanke, P.O.Box 307, 307 Jimma, Ethiopia, e-mail: dibaba.hirko@gmail.com


Valid HTML 3.2!