Factors affecting availing of veterinary services from in india: a regional perspective
Sumit Mahajan1, Janailin Suchiang Papang2, Indu Panchal3
1Lala Lajpat Rai University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, College of Dairy Science & Technology, India
A major part of recent surge in growth rate of milk production in India has been attributed to increase in population of crossbred cattle whose higher productivity is accompanied by higher susceptibility to infectious and metabolic diseases triggering the need of quality, timely and economical veterinary services. The government is primary provider of veterinary services. With this background, the present study was conducted with objective of determining the factors affecting availing of veterinary services from different sources. The study is based on the secondary data available from NSSO conducted in the year 2013. Decision to use veterinary services and its choice was hypothesised to be affected by access to veterinary services, milk production, operational land holding, principal income source, milk price, training, extension along with demographic factors. Considering the diversity of India, the data were divided into six regions and data were analysed for each of six regions and at all-India level using multinomial logit method. At all-India level, exposure to extension agencies encouraged the dairy farmers to avail institutional services. The marginal sections of the society were likely to not avail veterinary services, thereby affecting the productivity of the animals. Households with higher milk production levels were more likely to avail veterinary services. Regions like Hills, East, and NE which did not have much coverage of veterinary services, were likely to avail institutional veterinary services if made available in villages. Households with higher milk production were more inclined to avail veterinary services from both (institutional and non-institutional) sources of veterinary services in North and West regions. Training in agriculture reinforces dairy farmers’ belief in institutional veterinary services in Hills and West regions.
Keywords: Factors, NSSO, regions, veterinary services
Contact Address: Sumit Mahajan, Lala Lajpat Rai University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, College of Dairy Science & Technology, College of dairy science & technology luvas, 125004 Hisar, India, e-mail: sumit.mahajanluvas.edu.in