Tropentag, September 15 - 17, 2021, hybrid conference
"Towards shifting paradigms in agriculture for a healthy and sustainable future"
Influencing Livestock Development and Investments in Developing Countries: the Livestock Master Plans
Livestock master plans (LMPs), or roadmaps, seek to transform the sector through more productive breeds, more and better feed and forage, enhanced animal health and policies. Developing livestock sector analyses and LMPs is an effective way of influencing pro-poor livestock development and investments. Governments in developing countries lack the evidence to request and allocate appropriate financial resources for their livestock sector, which often contributes more than agriculture to the national development goals.
Effective livestock investment requires quantitative, data-based sector analysis to understand the sector’s current and future potential, set realistic long-term strategy, and make action plans. Due to the lack of capacity for quantitative planning in many livestock ministries, most of the proposed or target livestock production levels are not based on a detailed analysis of the potential of the livestock sector and the national demand for animal-sourced food (ASF). Besides, the available livestock sector budgets don’t include investment returns, which could attract other public and private sector investments.
To help governments develop evidence-based livestock sector investment plans, the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) has since 2013 provided technical support to interested countries in Africa and Asia to develop Livestock Master Plans (LMPs). The LMP process enables livestock ministries to accomplish this in several steps. First, it helps build the analytical capacity of government analysts to carry out data-driven and fact-based analyses for quantitative livestock sector planning. Then i helps to identify the needed investments and policies to develop the livestock sector by carrying out foresight or ex-ante investment analysis to demonstrate the potential returns on investment (ROI) of combined livestock technologies and policies. These ROI exercises tabulate the livestock sector’s potential contribution to their development objectives, including poverty reduction, food security, and youth employment, while taking gender, equity, the environment, and other social factors into account. The investment plan with value chain road maps is built on the analysis of the past and current trends (baseline livestock sector analysis or LSA) and a long-term (15-year) predictive analysis (livestock sector strategy or LSS) with several stakeholder engagements and consultations as integral parts of each stage.
LMP has been developed for Ethiopia, Tanzania, Rwanda, Uzbekistan, and Bihar state in India and is ongoing in the Gambia, Kenya, and India’s Odisha state. The experience from these countries shows that LMPs have become the basis for resource mobilisation, investment, and further development of the livestock sector. In Ethiopia, the government and the World Bank have launched a $176 million livestock sector programme based on the LMP. The LMPs are integrated into Tanzania’s five-year national development plan and Rwanda’s National Agricultural Investment Plan (NAIP). In Uzbekistan, the LMP results informed a World Bank US$180 million sector investment. Similarly, the Bihar LMP, developed for an investment of US$ 895 million, has informed a $146 million “Bihar Aquaculture and Livestock Improvement (BAaLI))” project, developed with support from the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD).
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Contact Address: N. N., n.n., N.N., Germany, e-mail: infotropentag.de