Role of food choice motives in socioeconomic disparities in food consumption and nutritional outcomes
University of Bonn, Center for Development Research (ZEF), Germany
The rise of overweight and obesity prevalence in sub-Saharan Africa is concerning due to the increased risk of non-communicable diseases. Poor diets from unhealthy food systems are the primary cause, driven by income growth, urbanisation, and technological change. Multinational food industries have played a role in this shift, by manufacturing, distributing, and promoting highly processed foods that have a strong sensory appeal. These foods are usually high in fats and sugars as these components contribute to the taste, texture, and overall enjoyment of the food. Income and education create variations in dietary behaviours and weight outcomes among different socioeconomic groups. As income rises, individuals have greater resources to purchase diverse foods and consume more calories, leading to overweight and obesity prevalence. Consumer behaviour also plays a key role in the variations seen in food consumption patterns and weight outcomes. The paper’s main aim is to understand the role of food choice motives in explaining differences in diet diversity, and weight outcomes among different socio-economic groups in Kenya.
Keywords: Diet diversity, food choice motives, non-communicable diseases, overweight and obesity, socioeconomic disparities
Contact Address: Cecilia Maina, University of Bonn, Center for Development Research (ZEF), Bonn, Germany, e-mail: cecilia.cmainagmail.com