Investigation on in vitro nutritive values and in vitro methane production of different tree legume forages available in the campus of the university of veterinary science, Yezin, Myanmar
Aung Aung, Ulrich Kuch
Goethe University, Frankfurt, Institute of Socail Medicine, Occupational Medicine and Environmental Medicine, Germany
By feeding on feedstuffs that cannot be used for monogastrics and human beings, ruminants can convert such plant matter to meat, milk, hide, etc. The major feed for ruminants in tropical developing countries is roughages with low quality nutritive values. To meet the requirement of the animals, it is necessary to improve the nutritive values of roughages by various methods such as physical treatment, chemical treatments and supplementation with concentrates. Protein rich tree legumes are alternative supplements to replace for concentrates. Nowadays, climate smart livestock systems are an important issue, because ruminants emit methane from enteric fermentation. It is noticeable not only on in vitro methane production, but also on in vitro nutritive values as important information for the mitigation of methane emission from ruminants. We thus conducted an experiment with the aim to investigate the in vitro nutritive values and in vitro methane production of tree legume forages collected from the campus of the University of Veterinary Science in Yezin, Myanmar. Forages of four tree legumes, Albezia saman, Albizia procera, Leucaena leucocephala and Gliricidia sepium were amassed for use as experimental feedstuffs in a completely randomised design with four replicates. The Hohenheimer Futtermittel-Test was applied for in vitro methane measurement and in vitro nutritive values. Of these feedstuffs, Leucaena leaves had the highest dry matter digestibility, organic matter digestibility, dry matter intake and metabolisable energy all significantly higher than those of the others (p<0.05). In the aspect of total gas at 24 hours incubation time, Leucaena and Gliricidia had significantly higher amounts than the rest of the feedstuffs while no significant difference in methane concentration was observed. According to these findings, Leucaena gave more satisfactory results than others because it had higher in vitro nutritive values and the same amount of methane concentration compared with the other tree legume forages.
Keywords: In vitro, in vivo, methane, tree foliages
Contact Address: Aung Aung, Goethe University, Frankfurt, Institute of Socail Medicine, Occupational Medicine and Environmental Medicine, Hölderlinstraße, 65779 65779/ Kelkheim, Germany, e-mail: aungmed.uni-frankfurt.de