Tropentag 2022, September 14 - 16, Prague, Germany
"Can agroecological farming feed the world? Farmers' and academia's views."
Inoculation of indigenous Bradyrhizobium strains increased soybean productivity in varying growing conditions in northeast Germany
Richard Ansong Omari1,4, Moritz Reckling2,1, Kun Yuan3, Mosab Halwani4, Sonoko Dorothea Bellingrath-Kimura4,1
1Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Germany
2Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Dept. of Crop Production Ecology, Sweden
3Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, Inst. of Agriculture, Japan
4Leibniz Centre for Agric. Landscape Res. (ZALF), Research Area 2 Land Use and Governance, Germany
Soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr.) is one of the world’s most important oilseed and protein crops. In Europe, commercial inoculants containing exotic Bradyrhizobium are often used to inoculate field-grown soybeans. However, the effectiveness of these inoculants has often been low. The use of indigenous Bradyrhizobium is among the options to enhance biological nitrogen fixation and increase soybean grain yield. Two field studies were conducted in northern Germany in 2020 and 2021 to evaluate the symbiotic potential of indigenous Bradyrhizobium strains as potential inoculum. The objectives were to: 1) assess the ability of locally isolated Bradyrhizobium strain(s) to improve soybean productivity under rainfed and irrigated conditions; and 2) assess the effects of irrigation on nodulation, grain, and protein yields in soybean. Three Bradyrhizobium isolates (GMF14, GMM36, and GEM96) plus a standard strain (USDA110) and no inoculation control were tested in combination with three soybean cultivars (Siroca, Sultana, and Merlin) of varying maturity groups in a 5 × 3 factorial design.
There were significant strain × irrigation interactions on nodulation, protein, and grain yields. Irrigation resulted in almost twice increase in nodule weight but slightly increased nodule number. However, there were minimal Bradyrhizobium effects on nodulation. Inoculation with strain GMF14 significantly increased grain and protein yields, yielding an average grain and protein yield of 2013 kg ha-1 and 765 kg ha-1, respectively, compared to 1814 kg ha-1 and 718 kg ha-1 in the standard USDA110.
While irrigation did not significantly influence crude protein content, it increased grain and protein yields by 25% on average. Moreover, irrigation had a more pronounced effect on USDA110 than on other strains. Irrigation increased grain yield by 47% in USDA110-inoculated soybean but only by 11% in GMF14. Although irrigation increased grain and protein yields in all three cultivars, we saw a more pronounced effect on the cultivar Siroca than on Sultana and Merlin. The study found that supplemental irrigation and using indigenous Bradyrhizobium strains as inoculum are viable options for increasing soybean production in Northeast Germany.
Contact Address: Richard Ansong Omari, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Berlin, Germany, e-mail: Richard.Omarizalf.de