Participatory governance towards diffusion of climate smart agriculture (CSA): Study from northern Bangladesh
Md Rezaul Karim, Andreas Thiel
University of Kassel, International Agricultural Policy and Environmental Governance, Germany
This research aimed to understand the planning and implementation processes of participatory governance leading to choice for diffusion of Climate Smart Agricultural (CSA) technologies; as well as how exogenous and endogenous factors affect the different action situations. The decision making theories, group approach and IAD framework were used to make a clear understanding. The research design suits a mixed method in combination of qualitative and quantitative data. Key Informant Interview (KII), Focus Group Discussion (FGD) and observation were used for collecting qualitative information, while structured interview was employed for quantitative data collection. The findings revealed different degree in the rules-in-use in the four cases. Besides these institutions, the context, climate uncertainty and community attributes such as reciprocity, mutual understanding and traditional habits play important role for choice and diffusion of CSA technologies. Among governance process qualities, the overall legitimacy and effectiveness were perceived medium to high, while transparency, accountability and equity for marginalized participants were found low to medium. Farmers concerned that effectiveness of CSA technologies were not visible in short term, but these practices have been geared to improve the adaptability and ecological sustainability for the long term. Results also showed few limitations of participatory governance process qualities, but institutional rearrangements such as farmers-to-farmer information sharing and face-to-face communication do not differ widely among four cases. The study further suggests that it is very necessary to generate and disseminate context and need based technologies through overcoming institutional shortcomings indentified here, as well as promoting governance qualities, especially more emphasizing to ensure the equity, transparency and accountability.
Keywords: Climate smart agriculture, diffusion, northern Bangladesh, participatory governance
Contact Address: Md Rezaul Karim, University of Kassel, International Agricultural Policy and Environmental Governance, Steinstrasse 19, 37213 Witzenhausen, Germany, e-mail: rezaulhstu83gmail.com