Contribution of silvopastoral systems toward a sustainable livestock farming in the Amazonian foothills
Martha Del Río1, Michelle Bonatti1, Tatiana Rodríguez1, Marcos Lana2, Stefan Sieber1
1Leibniz Centre for Agric. Landscape Res. (ZALF), Sustainable Land Use in Developing Countries (SusLAND), Germany
In recent years multifunctional arrangements integrating crop, livestock, and forest have been adopted in tropical areas. These arrangements known as silvopastoral systems (SPS) intend to improve animal welfare, to generate new economic, environmental, and climatic benefits. In Colombia, agricultural land has been predominantly used for the livestock sector. The Amazonian foothill, specifically the department of Caquetá had 6.9% of cattle herds and was the fifth department for dairy production. Given this context, it is particularly important to implement SPS to protect the Amazonian forest and to avoid extensive cattle ranching in this zone. However, even though SPS are beginning to be promoted in Colombia as strategies for sustainable land management, the contribution of these strategies has not yet been fully explored. To address this challenge, this study used a modified version of contribution analysis to evaluate the economic, social, and environmental benefits, drivers and hinders factors, and negative externalities. Contribution analyses on SPS were developed with cattle farmers and other stakeholders in Caquetá using in-depth semi-structured interviews and two workshops (n=40). Contribution analysis proved to be a useful framework for assessing the impacts and valuable feedback for implementers and sponsors of this kind of strategy.
Keywords: Amazonian region, contribution analysis, silvopastoral systems, sustainable land management
Contact Address: Martha Del Río, Leibniz Centre for Agric. Landscape Res. (ZALF), Sustainable Land Use in Developing Countries (SusLAND), Eberswalder Straße 84, 15374 Müncheberg, Germany, e-mail: Martha_Lilia.Del_Rio_Duquezalf.de