Dietary Patterns and their Association with Overweight and Obesity among Rural Populations in East Africa
Jacob Sarfo, Elke Pawelzik, Gudrun B. Keding
University of Goettingen, Dept. of Crop Science, Division of Quality of Plant Products, Germany
Nutritional concerns had been focused mainly on hunger and in addressing underweight in sub-Saharan Africa. However, socio-economic, cultural, societal and behavioural change patterns in developing countries have brought about the “nutrition transition” – shift towards more modern diets and its associated health conditions. Studies done so far reveal that dietary patterns contain more and more processed foods in urban areas with less emphasis on rural settings. Also, patterns associated with processed foods do not examine what level of processed foods they are. The “Fruits and Vegetables for all seasons” (FruVaSe) project, as one of its work components, seeks to assess dietary patterns – exploring the level of processed foods within the patterns, if any – that exist among rural populations in East Africa and their association with overweight and obesity.
Keywords: Dietary patterns, East Africa, obesity, overweight, rural communities, women
Contact Address: Jacob Sarfo, University of Goettingen, Division Quality of Plant Products, Carl-Sprengel-Weg 1, 37075 Goettingen, Germany, e-mail: jsarfogwdg.de