Socio-Economic Contribution of Indigenous Goats to Smallholders in Low Input Crop-Livestock Production System in Malawi
Wilson Kaumbata1, Liveness Banda1, Gábor Mészáros2, Timothy Gondwe1, M. Jennifer Woodward-Greene3, Benjamin Rosen3, Curtis Van Tassell3, Johann Sölkner2, Maria Wurzinger2
1Lilongwe University of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Animal Science, Malawi
Indigenous goats are important in resource-poor communities because they provide tangible benefits such as cash revenue from animal sales, meat for home consumption, manure, skins, and fiber. They are also a source of intangible benefits, e.g. savings, insurance, and for socio-cultural purposes. Despite the valuable contributions of goats to the livelihoods of millions of resource-poor farmers in developing countries, goats have been overlooked in national agriculture development strategies and prejudice towards other livestock species like cattle still exist. This study was conducted to determine socio-economic contributions of indigenous goats to smallholders in low input crop-livestock production system where community-based goat breeding programs (goat CBBPs) are being implemented. The aim was to provide government and other development agencies with the information which can form the basis for policy, technical and financial support for the goat CBBPs. Data was collected through a 12-month flock and household (137 households) monitoring study between August 2017 to July 2018. Data was analysed using enterprise budgeting and cost-return analysis.
Keywords: Breeding program, community-based, gross margins, rural poverty, tangible and intangible benefits
Contact Address: Wilson Kaumbata, Lilongwe University of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Animal Science, P. O. Box 219 Lilongwe Malawi, Lilongwe, Malawi, e-mail: wilk18yahoo.com