Promoting Modern Teaching in Agricultural Sciences at Universities in Countries of the Former Soviet Union
Nieky Van Veggel, Henry Matthews
Writtle University College, United Kingdom
The Higher Education institutions of countries of the former Soviet Union had a justified reputation of technical and scientific excellence. In the area of agriculture specialists graduated from universities well suited to a farming system in which decisions were taken centrally and their role was to focus on specific areas of production. Teaching was based on the delivery and acquisition of knowledge in a didactic system and assessment through the repetition of the information gathered in the lecture room. However post-Soviet agriculture requires more dynamic flexible employees capable of critical thinking and problem solving. The industry requires generalists with transferable skills rather than specialists with a narrow area of expertise. For the countries of Armenia, Ukraine and Uzbekistan the pre-Soviet systems of university education are no longer fit for purpose.
Keywords: Agricultural management, ERASMUS+ TOPAS, higher education, teaching approaches
Contact Address: Henry Matthews, Writtle University College, Chelmsford, United Kingdom, e-mail: Henry.Matthewswrittle.ac.uk